Keywords

Chemicals

At the “World Summit on Sustainable Development” held in Johannesburg in 2002, an international goal called the WSSD 2020 Goal, “aiming to achieve, by 2020, that chemicals are used and produced in ways that lead to the minimization of significant adverse effects on human health and the environment” was agreed. Following this agreement, the “Strategic Approach on International Chemicals Management (SAICM)” was agreed at the first International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM1) held in 2006.

In such a world trend, each country proceeds with the development of legal systems concerning chemicals management policy to achieve the WSSD 2020 Goal in accordance with situations of the country or region. At the international level, international efforts have been made as well, for instance, individual international treaties to address issues of ozone-depleting substances, persistent organic pollutants and hazardous wastes have come into force, and recently the Minamata Convention on Mercury was adopted. In relation to SAICM, discussions on “beyond 2020” have been started.

As the international trends of such chemicals management affect export and import of chemical products, the needs of domestic business operators for continuous information collection on foreign policy have been increasing. In Japan, the administrative agencies and the industries cooperate with each other across their boundaries to collect and share information.

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