Promoting the Co-benefits Approach to Climate Change and Development

Overcoming a variety of development issues together with achieving greenhouse gas emission reductions, the co-benefits approach is considered to be one of the promising measures in developing countries. OECC, through commissioned works from the Ministry of the Environment, has been promoting the co-benefits approach and implementing policy research and proposals, and technical assistance to reduce emissions of air pollutants such as the greenhouse gases at the same time in China and Mongolia.

Policy proposals and technology introduction in China

Economic growth is remarkable in China, although urban environmental pollution such as air pollution and water pollution is a serious issue. There has been urgent requirement climate change mitigation in the 13th Five-Year Plan to be implemented from 2016 to 2020, in continuation from the 12th Five-Year Plan of 2011 to 2015, emission reductions of unit GDP carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) of -18%, -15%, -15% from the 2015 level has been set respectively.

As an effort to contribute to these solutions, support for policy dialogue between the Ministry of the Environment, Japan and the the Ministry of Environmental Protection, China , joint policy research with the China Research Center for Environmental Economics (PRCEE) and training for local government officials were conducted by OECC. In addition, with the cooperation of Japanese engineers, OECC has also proposing environmental management techniques and technology to promote a co-benefits approach.

Seminar on Cooperation between China and Japan on Co-benefits Study Mar. 2016 (Hangzhou, China)

Introduction to high-efficiency boilers for heating in Mongolia

Mongolia is a country, which heavily depends on coal and in the winter time they use a lot of coal for heating. The energy efficiency of old-fashioned boiler is poor, and has caused large emission of nitrogen oxide (NOx), sulfur oxide (SOx) and dust, which results in serious air pollution. Commissioned by the Ministry of the Environment, Japan, OECC has conducted a demonstration project of high-efficiency boilers for heating (Heat Only Boiler: HOB) having a co-benefits effect.

Through this study, a method in the co-benefit effect measurement and reporting verification has been established, with technical knowledge with improvement of HOB.

Old-fashioned boiler before introducing Japanese technology (Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia)